Browse Environments By Type
Environments centered around or including original, inventive architectural forms, structures, or buildings, or works that embody and express architectural principles. Karl Junker’s Junkerhaus, S.P. Dinsmoor’s Cabin Home, St. Eom’s Pasaquan, and Grandma Prsibrey’s Bottle Village, or Kea Tawana’s Ark are some examples.
Spaces created for fraternal ritual, adorned with symbols or references to fraternal initiation, ritual, or philosophy. Ernest Hupeden's Painted Forest was a fraternal lodge hall. S.P. Dinsmoor's tomb is adorned with symbols of the Free Masonic order.
Environments that are inseparable from their landscapes, be they plantings (trees, shrubs, flowers, grasses), rocks and stones, water features and/or other landscape elements, often combined with sculptures or structures. Nick Engelbert’s Grandview, Ellsworth Rock Garden, Pearl Fryar’s topiary garden and the Rudolph Grotto are examples.
Places made by priests or laypeople, on church or temple grounds, parks, or residential properties, created for religious or spiritual reflection, devotional practices, or places that encourage or induce spiritual or mystical experiences. Emery Bladgon’s Healing Machine, the Garden of the Redemption, St. Eom’s Pasaquan, and the Paul and Matilda Wegner Grotto are some examples.
Art environments built to represent, memorialize, or commemorate a person, place, event, or idea, such as the Watts Towers, a monument to Rodia’s ideas and imagination; the Orange Show, a monument to the orange; Joe Minter’s African Village in America and Dr. Charles Smith’s environments commemorate many events in African American history.
Art environments that tell stories or convey information through the medium of signs and/or the written word. Jesse Howard celebrated freedom of speech and PEMABO expressed ideas about peace, through sign-filled environment; other sign-filled environments are platforms for religious messages, such as Finster’s Paradise Garden or Rice’s Cross Garden.